TECHNICAL MECHANICS
ISSN (Print): 1561-9184, ISSN (Online): 2616-6380

English
Russian
Ukrainian
Home > Journal Issues > No 1 (2024) Technical mechanics > 1
___________________________________________________

UDC 629.76

Technical mechanics, 2024, 1, 3 - 15

PREDICTION OF DYNAMIC LOADS ON SPACECRAFT IN THE ACTIVE LIGHT OF THE LAUNCH VEHICLE USING THE RESULTS OF LIQUID-PROPELLANT ROCKET ENGINE FIRE TESTS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/itm2024.01.003

Nikolayev D. O., Khoroshylov S. V.

      ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Nikolayev D. O.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine

Khoroshylov S. V.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine

      ABSTRACT

      In orbital injection, the launch vehicle (LV) structure and the spacecraft are subjected to extreme dynamic loads, in particular to vibroacoustic loads (from rocket engine thrust oscillations and aerodynamic loads), which may cause spacecraft instrumentation malfunction and damage spacecraft light-weight thin-walled structures. This paper is dedicated to the development of an approach to predicting dynamic loads on spacecraft in orbital injection by LVs of various layouts under propulsion system thrust oscillations in active flight.
      The paper presents an approach to predicting dynamic loads on spacecraft in orbital injection by LVs of various layouts. The approach makes it possible to evaluate dynamic loads (spectral densities of vibration accelerations) on spacecraft under propulsion system thrust oscillations acting on the liquid-propellant LV structure in active flight. The approach includes a mathematical simulation of the spatial oscillations of the LV structure according to its structural layout scheme and the experimental pre-determination of the spectral density of the rocket engine power. The workability of the proposed approach in predicting the spacecraft dynamic loads is demonstrated by the example of a computational analysis of the spectral densities of spacecraft oscillations in orbital injection by LVs of various structural layouts.
      It is shown that the approach allows one to predict, as early as at the initial LV design stage, the spacecraft vibratory load parameters at different times of the LV first-stage liquid-propellant rocket engine operation accounting for the rocket layout (with the spacecraft) and design features and using the vibroacoustic characteristics of the liquid-propellant rocket engine (known from the results of its fire tests).
      Pdf (English)







      KEYWORDS

spacecraft vibration acceleration, liquid-propellant rocket propulsion system, mathematical simulation, spectral density, rocket engine thrust oscillations

      FULL TEXT:

Pdf (English)









      REFERENCES

1. Flight-loads measurements during launch and exit. NASA/SP-8002, NASA (Washington, DC, USA). 1964. 8 . URL: http://everyspec.com/NASA/NASA-SP-PUBS/NASA_SP-8002_4235/ (Last accessed on December 21, 2023).

2. Crocker M. J. The vibroacoustic environment of spacecraft during launch and flight. Sound and Vibration. 2002. V. 36. No. 6. P. 5.

3. Kabe A. M., Kim M. C., Spiekermann C. E. Loads Analysis for National Security Space Missions. The Aerospace corporation of magazine of advances in aerospace technology. Crosslink. Winter 2003/2004. V. 5. No. 1. Pp. 20-25.

4. Load Analyses of Spacecraft and Payloads. NASA Technical Standard. NASA-STD-5002. 1996. P. 14. URL: https://standards.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/standards/NASA/A/0/nasa-std-5002a.pdf (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

5. Spacecraft dynamic environment testing. NASA technical book. NASA-HDBK-7008. NASA. Washington. DC 20546-0001. 2014. P.134. URL: http://everyspec.com/NASA/NASA-NASA-HDBK/NASA-HDBK-7008_52000/ (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

6. Serdyuk V. K. Design of Spacecraft Launch Vehicles. Mashinostroyeniye, 2009. 504 p. (in Russian).

7. Antares User's Guide. Northrop Grumman Corp. Release 3.1. September 2020. URL: https://www.northropgrumman.com/wp-content/uploads/Antares-User-Guide-1.pdf (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

8. Soyuz at the Guiana Space Centre User's Manual Issue 2 - Revision 0 March 2012. URL: https://www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Soyuz-Users-Manual-March-2012.pdf (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

9. Falcon User's Guide. Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX). 2021-09. URL: https://www.spacex.com/media/falcon-users-guide-2021-09.pdf (Last accessed on December 21, 2023).

10. Tuma, Margaret & Chenevert, Donald & Leahy, Bart Objectives and progress on ground vibration testing for the Ares launch vehicles. Conference: 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including The New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. URL: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-2026 (Last accessed on December 14, 2023). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-2026

11. Boeing Changes Delta III Control Software, Boeing News Release October 1998. URL: https://boeing.mediaroom.com/1998-10-15-Boeing-Changes-Delta-III-Control-Software (Last accessed on December 14, 2023).

12. De Selding, Peter B. Harsh Report Issued on Ariane 5 Failure. Space News. 2003. January. . 3.

13. Gladky F. F. Dynamics of Launch Vehicle Structure. Moscow: Nauka, 1969. 496 p. (in Russian).

14. Pylypenko O. V., Prokopchuk A. A., Dolhopolov S. I., Khoryak N. V., Nikolaev A. D., Pisarenko V. Yu., Kovalenko V. N. Mathematical simulation and stability analysis of low-frequency processes in a mid-flight liquid-propellant engine with generator gas after-burning. Vestnik Dvigatelestroyeniya. 2017. No. 2. Pp. 34-42. (in Russian).

15. Katorgin B. I., Chvanov V. K., Chelkis F. J. and Michael Popp, Lawrence G. Tanner, Robert C. van Giessen, Scott J. Connally RD-180 Engine Production and Flight Experience. 40th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 11 - 14 July 2004. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. URL: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/book/10.2514/MJPC2004 (Last accessed on December 21, 2023).

16. Begishev A. M., Zhuravlev V. Y., Torgashin . S. Features and modernization methods of thrust measurement devices for liquid rocket engine test stands. Siberian Journal of Science and Technology. 2020. V. 21. No. 1. Pp. 62-69. https://doi.org/10.31772/2587-6066-2020-21-1-62-69

17. Glikman B. F. Automatic Control of Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines. Moscow: Myashinostroyenie, 1974. 396 pp. (in Russian).

18. Katorgin B. I., Semyonov V. I., Chvanov V. K., Chelkis F. Yu Engine RD171M. Conversion in mechanical engineering. 2006. No. 1. URL: http://lpre.de/resources/articles/history.htm (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

19. Besekersky V. A., Popov E. P. Theory of Automatic Control Systems. Moscow; Nauka, 1972. 507 pp. (in Russian).

20. Michael Cerna, Audrey F. Harvey The Fundamentals of FFT-Based Signal Analysis and Measurement. 340555B-01. National Instruments Corporation. July 2000. URL: https://www.sjsu.edu/people/burford.furman/docs/me120/FFT_tutorial_NI.pdf (Last accessed on December 14, 2023)..

21. Degtyarev A. V. Rocketry. Problems and Prospects. Dnipropetrovsk: ART-PRESS, 2014. 420 pp. (in Russian).

22. Nikolayev A. D., Khoryak N. V. Characterization of longitudinal self-vibrations of liquid-propellant launch vehicle structures with account for energy dissipation. Aviatsionno-Kosmicheskaya Tekhnika i Tekhnologiya. 2004. No. 4 (12). Pp. 62-73. (in Russian).

23. Nikolaev A. D., Khoryak N. V., Serenko V. A., Klimenko D. V., Khodorenko V. F., Bashliy I. D. Considering dissipative forces for mathematical modeling longitudinal vibrations of liquid launch vehicle body. Teh. Meh. 2016. No. 2. Pp. 16-31. (in Russian).

24. Oppenheim B. W., Rubin S. Advanced pogo stability analysis for liquid rockets. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. 1993. V. 30. No. 3. Pp. 360 - 383. https://doi.org/10.2514/3.25524

25. Bashliy I. D., Nikolayev A. D. Mathematical simulation of 3D vibrations of liquid-contained shell structures using state-of-the-art computer-aided design and analysis tools. Teh. Meh. 2013. No. 2. Pp. 18-25. (in Russian).

26. Kohnke P. Ansys Inc. Theory Manual. 001369. Twelfth Edition. Canonsburg: SAS IP, 2001. 1266 p.

27. Pilipenko V. V., Zadontsev V. A., Natanzon M. S. Cavitation Oscillations and Hydrosystem Dynamics. Moscow: Mashiniostroyeniye, 1977. 352 pp. (in Russian).

28. Krebs Gunter Dirk "Tsiklon". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-05. URL: https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_lau/tsiklon.htm (Last accessed on January 7, 2024).

29. Pylypenko O. V., Khoroshylov S. V., Nikolayev D. O. Development of vibration protection systems of spacecraft - state of the art and perspectives. Space Sci. & Technol. 2023. V. 29. No. 5. Pp. 3-19. https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2023.05.003





Copyright () 2024 Nikolayev D. O., Khoroshylov S. V.

Copyright 2014-2024 Technical mechanics


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
GUIDE
FOR AUTHORS
Guide for Authors ==================== Open Access Policy
Open Access Policy ==================== REGULATIONS
on the ethics of publications
REGULATIONS on the ethics of publications ====================