TECHNICAL MECHANICS
ISSN (Print): 1561-9184, ISSN (Online): 2616-6380

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UDC 629.4:62-758.2

Technical mechanics, 2018, 3, 98 - 111

SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS OF RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION SAFETY IMPROVEMENT AND PASSIVE PROTECTION OF A PASSENGER TRAIN IN EMERGENCY COLLISIONS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/itm2018.03.098

Naumenko N. Yu., Sobolevska M. B., Markova O. M., Kovtun H. N., Horobets D. V., Maliy V. V., Syrota S. A., Khizha I. Yu.

      ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Naumenko N. Yu.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Sobolevska M. B.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Markova O. M.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Kovtun H. N.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Horobets D. V.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Maliy V. V.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Syrota S. A.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

Khizha I. Yu.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine
Ukraine

      ABSTRACT

      The priority tasks of the Ukrainian railway transport are a train speed increase, passenger car renewal and safe operation, and the passive protection of passenger trains in their emergency collisions with obstacles. An integral part of high-speed passenger cars of new generation must be passive safety systems (PSSs), which operate in an emergency collision. The controllable deformation of the PSS energy- absorbing devices (EADs) reduces the longitudinal forces and accelerations, which makes it possible to save the lives of the passengers and the train crew, reduce damage to the cars, and minimize the consequences of the accident. In the EU countries, the manda-tory installation of PSSs is required by Standard EN 15227. A similar standard is adopted in Ukraine, too, despite the fact that the couplers used in Ukraine differ considerably in design from those used in the EU countries. This paper addresses the problem of elaboration of a scientific basis for the development of collision PSSs for the cars of high-speed passenger trains operating on the Ukrainian railways and the problem of determination of factors that affect car derailment in a collision. An algorithm, methods, and finite-element models for choosing the EAD design parameters were developed and validated by a crash test of a prototype locomotive EAD. A mathematical model was developed to study the dynamics of PSS-equipped trains, to determine longitudinal and vertical loads on the car structures, and to assess the required EAD energy absorption capacity in normative collision scenarios. Comprehensive investigations were conducted, as a result of which locomotive and car EADs were designed. When considering a passenger train obstacle collision, a separate problem is the determination of factors causing locomotive and car derailment. Such investigations were conducted using a mathematical model developed to describe the spatial oscillations of a moving train whose locomotive is equipped with a passive safety system and anti-climbing devices. When a train moving on a real track with irregularities of different types collides with the obstacle, lateral forces of carcar interaction are produced. This, in its turn, results in lateral forces of wheelrail interaction, thus considerably affecting the locomotive derailment stability. The calculations conducted by the model showed that the locomotive derailment probability increases with the mass of the obstacle rail vehicle, the train speed at the collision instant, and the level of rail irregularities. The results of the investigations conducted may be used in designing a new generation of high-speed passenger trains. Pdf (English)







      KEYWORDS

railway traffic safety, passenger train obstacle collision, passive safety system, energy-absorbing device, mathematical simulation, spatial oscillations, derailment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/itm2018.03.098

Copyright () 2018 Naumenko N. Yu., Sobolevska M. B., Markova O. M., Kovtun H. N., Horobets D. V., Maliy V. V., Syrota S. A., Khizha I. Yu.

Copyright 2014-2018 Technical mechanics


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