TECHNICAL MECHANICS
ISSN (Print): 1561-9184, ISSN (Online): 2616-6380

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Home > Journal Issues > No 4 (2020) Technical mechanics > 10
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UDC 533.9

Technical mechanics, 2020, 4, 97 - 108

Mathematical modeling of probe measurements in a supersonic flow of a four-component collisionless plasma

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/itm2020.04.097

Lazuchenkov D. N., Lazuchenkov N. M.

      ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Lazuchenkov D. N.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine

Lazuchenkov N. M.
Institute of Technical Mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine

      ABSTRACT

      The aim of this work is the development of a procedure for extracting the plasma electron density and temperature and ion composition from the current-voltage characteristic (C V characteristic) of an isolated probe system of cylindrical electrodes. The plasma is four-component and consists of electrons, ions of two species with significantly different masses, and neutrals. The measuring probe and the reference electrode of the probe system may be made up of several cylinders. The electrodes of the probe system are placed transversely to a supersonic flow of a low-temperature collisionless plasma with a specified mass velocity.
      Using the familiar theoretical and experimental relationships for the ion and electron currents to a cylinder, a mathematical model of current collection is constructed for an isolated probe system at an arbitrary ratio of the electrode surface areas. The model includes the calculation of the equilibrium potential of the reference electrode as a function of the probe bias voltage. A procedure is developed for the identification of local plasma parameters using a priori information on the plasma properties and the experimental conditions. The effect of the electron density and temperature and the ion composition on the probe current of the isolated probe system at different ratios of the current-collecting electrode surface areas is studied. The ranges of the probe bias potentials and the values of the electrode surface area ratio that maximize and minimize the effect of the sought-for parameters on the probe current are determined. The quantitative restrictions on the bias potentials and the surface area ratio obtained in this study are used in the probe measurement procedure and in the objective function for comparing the theoretical approximation of the probe current with the measured I characteristics.
      A numerical simulation of probe measurements under the ionospheric conditions was conducted to verify the efficiency of the procedure for extracting the local parameters of a four-component plasma from the electron branch of the I V characteristic of an isolated probe system. The results obtained may be used in ionospheric plasma diagnostics onboard nanosatellites.
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      KEYWORDS

plasma ions of two species, isolated probe system with cylindrical electrodes, mathematical model of current collection, parametric identification, a priori information

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      REFERENCES

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Copyright () 2020 Lazuchenkov D. N., Lazuchenkov N. M.

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